The Connecting Factor

A Wold Newton Extravaganza from Jeffrey Diehl

Doctor Who         Conan         Elric          Tarzan

"Wold ! Wold ! Wold !
The Heaven-Giant knows what happens here;
From Heaven downwards he does peer.
He has full pitchers and cans.
In the wood grows many a thing.
He ne'er was child, and ne'er grows old,
Wold ! Wold ! Wold !"   

-Grimm's Teutonic Mythology, translated by J. S. Stallybrass

Only in strength can it be faced
Doom awaits all men
In many worlds are my sons gathered
Numbered though they are


I’ve got to warn you that I’m about to go off on several eccentric tangents here, so please bear with me.

In 1987 The Clipper Trade Ship # 55 featured a Dr. Who/Conan crossover story by Gennie Summers called "Castle of Sorcery". As far as I know, it is the only documented meeting between these two celebrated science fiction/fantasy characters. Had I known of this back in the late eighties, my reaction would have been ecstatic to say the least. I spent the better part of that decade obsessed with both Conan and Doctor Who, even though the two fictional concepts had little to do with each other.

The tale had the 4th Doctor and Leela visiting the Hyborian Age by accident. Upon arriving, they found an unconscious Conan lying face down in the sands of some desert. In order to save him from the perilous heat, they dragged him inside the TARDIS. What followed was a fascinating collision of two worlds.

In addition to discovering this interesting crossover story, I’ve come up with an extremely odd and little known connection between Conan and the Doctor that, considering the vast differences between the characters, is perhaps a bit far fetched and overly imaginative of me. What could a Time Lord possibly have in common with a barbarian? Well, the admittedly dim connection centers around the Celtic god Lugh Lamhfada (Lleu Llaw Gyffess).

Most of the characters that Robert E. Howard wrote about were cut from the same Gaelic cloth. This was latter elaborated on by other writers such as Andrew J. Offutt, who in his Cormac Mac Art novels firmly established that Cormac was the literal reincarnation of Howard’s earlier characters Kull and Conan. In other words Kull’s soul would thousands of years later animate Conan during the Hyborian Age and still later appear as Cormac Mac Art in the Arthurian Dark Age. In addition to Kull and Conan, Offutt also made the great Irish hero Cuchulain a previous incarnation of Cormac Mac Art. Marvel Comics unknowingly elaborated on this reincarnation theme when Roy Thomas adapted Howard’s story "People of the Dark", making the modern day narrator/protagonist Jim O’Brien remember a misadventure in a previous life as Conan the Cimmerian. So we essentially have a Celtic soul periodically reappearing on earth throughout prehistory and history.
Kull- Conan- Cuchulain- Cormac Mac Art- Jim O’Brien*
*There are at least three others that I would add to this list.   A few centuries after the time of Cormac Mac Art,  this soul also made an appearance as Turlogh O'Brien.  We later run into him again during the crusades as Cormac Fitzgeoffrey.  Also, in Matt Wagner's Mage: The Hero Defined, there is a brief appearance of a super-hero named the Ulster Hound.  This character is intended to be a modern day reincarnation of Cuchulain.
So a more complete listing of this warrior's lives would be...
Kull
Conan the Cimmerian
Cuchulain
Cormac Mac Art
Turlogh O'Brien
Cormac Fitzgeoffrey
Jim O'Brien
Ulster Hound

Other suggestions have been made using both Howard and non-Howard characters, but I tend to be a bit more conservative in this matter.

Now according to Gaelic tradition, the hound of Chulan - Cuchulain is considered to be the son or Avatar of the god Lugh Lamhfada. So if for story purposes we take Cuchulain to be Conan reborn, that means that Conan has a definite, if metaphysical, connection with the Celtic god Lugh.

drwho-battlefield.jpg (8418 bytes)Okay, now we turn our attention to the Doctor. In the Doctor Who episode "Battlefield" the Doctor is identified as the famous Arthurian wizard Merlin. The 7th Doctor discovers that in a future incarnation (regeneration not reincarnation) he would be calling himself Merlin while aiding the Britons in their struggle against Morgaine.

Interestingly, years before this, Marvel Comics had published a few Dr. Who stories scripted by Steve Parkhouse that would add a strange twist to the whole thing. In a tale called "The Neutron Knights" the 4th Doctor is summoned to Earth by the wizard Merlin who needs his assistance. The Doctor does not recognize the one who called him until he hears King Arthur call the old man Merlin. However, nowhere in the story is there talk of Merlin being a Time Lord or a future incarnation of the Doctor. Still, at the end of the tale the Doctor is uncommonly mystified by the whole experience, and is forced to think about his own future.

Marvel Comics followed this story up with a large sequel featuring the 5th Doctor called "The Tides of Time". This time the Doctor meets Merlin on Gallifrey inside the Matrix. In the Matrix Merlin is described as a highly evolved human from Earth.

This would seem to contradict the televised episode "Battlefield" where the Doctor is definitely identified as Merlin. However, if we look at later developments in the Dr. Who mythos, we find that no real contradiction has necessarily taken place.

In the 1996 Doctor Who tv movie, a newly regenerated 8th Doctor finally admits that he is half human. In Arthurian lore there are many legends about Merlin which indicate that only his mother was human. While the later Christianized accounts claim that his father was the Devil, the original versions of this tale hold that Merlin’s father was a god. Many scholars agree that the Welsh god who sired Merlin was Lleu Llaw Gyffess.

Lleu Llaw Gyffess is the Cymric name for the Celtic god of light- Lug, while Lugh Lamhfada is the Gaelic name for the same deity. Lug also occasionally bore the title Mabon or Maponos in certain areas of Britain.  In the Teutonic sphere, the Saxon name for Lug is Woden. The Scandinavians called him Odin.

Now as far as Doctor Who is concerned, the Doctor’s father would probably be considered a Time Lord rather than a bona-fide deity. However, for creative and aesthetic purposes we could consider Lleu Llaw Gyffess to be the spiritual father of the Doctor rather than the physical.

This is actually more in keeping with Indo-European relations between gods and mortal women. When a male deity would take an interest in a human female he would often appear to her as her own husband or someone that she already loved.

One understanding of this process simply has the god temporarily taking possession of the man’s body during the coupling. This was more likely to occur if the man was already devoted to the god in some way. Any children that resulted from this episode would physically be the offspring of the human father; but they would be the spiritual children of the god. Such a child would be considered an Avatar of the deity.

Also, in the case of the Doctor we have a mysterious figure in the Gallifreyan past known only as the Other. The Other was part of a legendary Triumvirate that included Rassilon and Omega. They were the founding members of Time Lord society after the fall of the Pythian cult. Unlike Rassilon and Omega, it has been suggested that the origins of the Other lie outside of Gallifrey. At some point The Other sacrificed himself and was later reborn as the Doctor. Go here for the full details of this case of reincarnation. In a future short story of mine that is still in the planning stages, it will be revealed that the Other is no other than the god Odin-Lleu.

What then could we possibly deduce from these legends that would shed more light on the Doctor’s origins? If we were so inclined, we could picture an origin for the Doctor that would have him born in the Dark Ages on Earth. Since Merlin is often described as ‘the Nun’s Son’, we can imagine the Doctor’s mother as a woman living in a convent during the Middle Ages. Perhaps this Nun had fallen in love with a visiting Time Lord whose personality was temporarily overshadowed by a Being from the Otherworld.  

The child that came from this union, performed several miraculous accomplishments and was beginning to attain some renown with the local inhabitants. These achievements coupled with the events surrounding his birth did, however, put him in a certain amount of danger. He was then taken to his father's world to insure his safety and reach his full potential. Much later after a lifetime of adventure, he would return to the place and era of his birth to do battle with Morgaine under the persona of Merlin. During this late period of his existence he would also be known as Muldwich.

This scenario, of course, is simply an attempt to match up the things that we know about the Doctor with some of the things told about Merlin.*
Superman.bmp (2102 bytes)
*There is, however, some indication that the young Doctor was raised on Earth during the 20th century by his own great grandson. Yes, in at least one time line, the Doctor may have been fostered by one of his own descendants! It is with good reason that we name him a Lord of Time. By the way, the great grandson in question is named Kal-El. More information about this possibility can be found in the link section below.

Well in any case, due to the Doctor’s identification as Merlin, he does have a somewhat vague connection to Lugh/Lleu which could be used in another crossover story with the Robert E. Howard character- Kull/Conan/Cormac. Being symbolic sons of the god Lugh, both individuals are, in a way, spiritual brothers even though they are absolutely nothing alike!

Since Cormac lived during the Arthurian period, the purposed crossover would take place during the life of Cormac Mac Art.  Cormac's life path has, no doubt, crossed with Arthur of Britain* more than once.  In Howard's story "The Temple of Abomination" it is even revealed that Cormac bears scars from King Arthur's sword. Andrew J. Offutt also occasionally mentions in his books that there is a strange connection between Cormac and Arthur due to the fact that they both possess the name Art.**
*Ar-thur is a mythic echo of an ancient deity.  Thor the thunder god is a son of Odin.
(A side note from a parellel universe has an alternate version of Thor developing a friendship with Conan during the Hyborian Age. What If? #39 Marvel Comics)
**Art is a Celtic word, meaning bear, stone or god.

When the Doctor first meets Cormac, the young Gael would seem somehow familiar. Searching his memory, the Doctor would then be reminded of the barbarian that he had met so long ago with Leela during his 4th incarnation. (Of course it would be uncharacteristic of the Doctor to acknowledge anything as metaphysical as reincarnation. Cormac would simply seem to be very similar to Conan.)  As the story progresses, a deeper connection between the Doctor and Cormac would be revealed- the link that they both share with Lugh.

As if all that wasn't enough, in addition to this odd couple, I will put forth some ideas that would place Elric of Melnibone into the heart of these events as well.

Okay I fully admit that this is all pretty darn strange for a Doctor Who story, but then again, I am a strange man.

For writers endeavoring to find subjects to inspire crossovers, the tales of Camelot provide endless connecting points between different universes of fiction. Whether you’re talking about Star Trek, Blake’s 7*, Babylon 5, or the works of such writers as Robert E. Howard and Michael Moorcock, almost every major player in the Science Fiction/Fantasy genre has at one time or another dabbled in the Arthurian Myths.
*Roj Blake was King Arthur in a previous life.  Kerr Avon was, by some accounts- Lancelot. 

Whomsoever Holds This Sword: A Blake's 7 Fanzine.

For example, if we wanted to further complicate the proposed Dr. Who/Conan crossover idea that was outlined above, we could add Michael Moorcock’s most famous fantasy character Elric of Melnibone into the mix.

Not long after Marvel Comics first embraced the character of Conan, they acquired the help of Michael Moorcock for a crossover that would briefly bring Elric of Melnibone into Conan's Hyborian Age.  This was monumental in that Conan and Elric are perhaps the two most well known characters in the entire Sword and Sorcery Genre.  This historic meeting took place in Roy Thomas and Barry Smith's two part tale "A Sword Called Stormbringer/The Green Empress of Melnibone".

So it appears that both the Doctor and Elric have met Conan the Cimmerian in the Hyborian Age.  We also find all three of these individuals sharing a stage thousands of years later during the Arthurian era.

In "Now Cracks A Noble Heart" by David M. Honigsberg, Elric is with a dying Arthur in the battlefield of Camlann.  The Melnibonean had attempted to retrieve Merlin from Morgaine's sorceries, but to no avail.  All that is left for Elric to do is to kill Medraut and call the Otherworldly barge to take Arthur to Avalon.

Now although the story doesn't mention this, in Michael Moorcock's book The Silver Warriors it is suggested that Arthur may, in fact, be an aspect of the Eternal Champion.  In other words- Arthur may be a future incarnation of Elric.  Whether or not this is the case, Elric knows nothing of this.

The inclusion of Elric in the hypothetical Dr. Who/'Conan' crossover story would be an extremely useful plot device.  Since Elric and the Doctor have both met Conan, there could be some discussion about it between them. This exchange between the Doctor and Elric could take place after they first meet Cormac Mac Art who bears an uncanny resemblance to the Cimmerian. 

conan14.jpg (18954 bytes)  conan15a.jpg (20369 bytes)

Elric is not the only literary figure who could potentially work in such a crossover.  There is yet another character who has, on occasion met Conan.  As surprising as it may seem given the extreme time displacement, there are several short stories by various authors that have placed Tarzan of the Apes in situations with Conan the Cimmerian.

These tales are, of course, not authorized by the estate of Edgar Rice Burroughs.  In all of them the name Tarzan is changed to avoid legal troubles.

"A Fight In The Forest"    -by David Bruce Bozarth    (Tarzan-Conan crossover)
"The Well of Time"     -by Andy Nunez      (Tarzan-Conan crossover)
"When Bulls Meet"    - by Rod Hunsicker    (Tarzan-Conan crossover)
"Against the Sorcerer"     -by Rod Hunsicker      (Tarzan-Conan crossover)

In Tarzan Alive, Philip Jose Farmer speaks of the genetic and metaphysical relationship that Tarzan shares with the Teutonic god Woden.   Farmer also touches on this subject in his two controversial Tarzan novels A Feast Unknown and Lord of the Trees where Woden is revealed to be the literal Grandfather of the Jungle Lord.

As previously mentioned, Woden is the Saxon name for the same god the Celts called Lugh/Lleu.

If we were to place Tarzan in this increasingly complex crossover story we could possibly have him living during the Arthurian age... 
Wait a second.
Let me back up a bit.
No, not literally-   This would place me entirely too far from the keyboard, making typing rather difficult.

In one of the various stories by Burroughs, Tarzan acquires a mysterious youth-elixir pill giving him, in effect, immortality.

Much later in a remarkable tale by Philip Jose Farmer, a time-flung Tarzan travels back to 12,000 BCE from the year 2074.  Rather than returning to the 21st century, Tarzan chooses to stay in the pre-historic Magdalenian era.   His immortality treatment enables him to live throughout the entirety of history even, at one point, becoming the basis for the Hercules legend.  These events are chronicled in the novel Time's Last Gift.

Farmer's Hadon of Ancient Opar and Flight to Opar have Tarzan making an appearance in 10,000 BCE where he is known as Sahhindar, the god of time.  The Hyborian Age was coincidentally nearing it's end in 10,000 BCE.  This is the exact time of Conan.

The immortal Tarzan would still be alive during the Arthurian era to participate in our unusual crossover.  Like Elric and the Doctor, he would remember his early temporally displaced meetings with the Cimmerian that transpired even before he stranded himself in the past.  It is also possible that he ran into Conan again while living throughout the Hyborian Age.

Tarzan even has a distant connection to the spirit of Kull in that they were both feral children.  Kull was raised by Tigers in the Atlantian forests.  This is possibly relevant to the story because most of the past life visions experienced by Cormac are of Kull.  As a minor side note, I know of several less than serious stories that have Hercules meeting Kull.   Written by female fans simply out of interest in the fact that actor Kevin Sorbo has played both roles, the existance of these parodies strongly suggests that I may one day discover more serious Hercules/Kull crossovers in the vast worlds of fan fiction.   However, even a parody could be viewed as one of the time-traveling dream sequences that Kull was known for.  As stated above Tarzan was Hercules.

So what role would we have Tarzan play in this confounding drama?   Well, at the risk of completely contradicting myself, I'm tempted to suggest that Tarzan was Merlin.   

Tarzan is Merlin?!!   Well, they actually have some things in common.

A few examples...

Although Merlin has already been identified as the Time Lord -Doctor Who, this does not necessarily clash with a Tarzan connection. Many sources indicate that there was more than one Merlin. It is only natural that their legends would get mixed together.  It may also be that these two individuals, Tarzan and the Time Lord, represent the Merlins of two separate realities.  The appearance of Elric already indicates that this is a tale involving multidimensional travel.

mer.jpg (24947 bytes)

This is as good a place as any to discuss a flawed, but compelling theory recently advanced by two esteemed Wold Newton researchers.  In part two of the fascinating article John Carter: Torn from Phoenician Dreams, Dennis Power and Dr. Peter Coogan propose an idea with radical implications for Arthurian lore.  Elaborating on the premise that the immortal John Carter has had various identities throughout history, Power and Coogan state that John Carter was Ambrosius Aurelius, Uther Pendragon, Arthur Pendragon and centuries later in Saxon England- Robin Hood.

I suppose what bothers me the most about this theory is the amount of damage that it does to the source material.  Some of the most powerful parts of the original Arthurian story involve the conception, birth and childhood of Arthur.  To have Ambrosius, Uther and Arthur all be the same character deadens the potency of Arthur's emergence and does little justice to these various individuals of different temperament.

There is, admittedly, something to be said for the similarity between Arthur’s rest in Avalon and Phra the Phoenician/John Carter’s periods of "hibernation".  So if you absolutely MUST have King Arthur be John Carter, then simply let Phra emerge from his "hibernation" to become Arthur bypassing the unlikely Ambrosius and Uther identities. In fact The Temple of Abomination has Cormac casting doubt on the genetic relationship between Uther and Arthur on the grounds that the two look nothing alike.

Furthermore, although Robin Hood does indeed have a little known connection to Arthurian lore, it is not as a future aspect of Arthur.  Rather, the connection is to be found in the figure of Merlin.  The original Robin Hood is derived from the Saxon name for Merlin- Rof Breoht Woden, meaning "bright strength of Woden".  This was later Christianized into the more familiar outlaw of Sherwood Forest.

"As a child I had two heroes, Tarzan and Robin Hood. Out of the entire pantheon of children's literature I chose the two who got to live in the woods."    
- John Jerome, Bends in the River, Outside Magazine May 1997

Which brings me to my next point.  If Tarzan is Merlin, could we not consider the Jungle Lord to be the Prince of Thieves as well?  Myth, the language of the Soul, confirms this identification.  Tarzan and Robin Hood are both relatively modern faces of the extremely ancient Wild Man archetype.  They are one.  ...But this is not exactly what I'm getting at.

Give ear and listen, gentlemen,
Who are of freeborn blood,
I shall tell you of a good yeoman
His name was Robin Hood.    - A Gest of Robyn Hode

hernhunt.jpg (71450 bytes)Stirring poetics aside, it should be kept in mind that, like Merlin, there was more than one individual contributing to the Robin Hood legend.  It has even been suggested that the names Merlin and Robin Hood were titles, the later being given to certain types found outside of the law.  I personally favour the two sons of Herne (Woden) that were featured in the show Robin of Sherwood.  Tarzan, being more reclusive than either Robin of Loxley or Robert of Huntingdon, would have hidden himself deeper in the forest and been considerably less involved.  More primal than the active Hooded Man, he could have served as the mentoring voice of Herne, only wearing the Bandit's cloak when it suited him to do so.  Yes Tarzan can be found in Richard Carpenter's series as the human guise of Herne the Hunter.  He is Robin Goodfellow, the mysterious and rarely seen prototype of Robin Hood.*
(Although greatly mythologized, Carpenter's series is the definitive version of the saga.   The dramatic portrayal of Herne is more spiritualized then it would have been had his true identity been taken into account.  With Tarzan in this role the lines between Herne and Robin would have been more blurred with the two occasionally being mistaken for each other.  However the reality would have Tarzan leaving most of the Hooded Man functions to Robin of Loxley and the successor-Robert of Huntingdon.  As Herne he would have been even more solitary than what was depicted on the show, probably only being seen once a season.  Lastly, his appearance would have been that of a much younger man.)
(The character of Little John was said to have had the surname of Little, the famous nickname being a jest in reference to his size.  However it may also be that the name Little John was, in part, to differentiate between this character and John Clayton Gribardsun, who because of his seniority, would have been seen as the "BIG" John.  Herne had also been called Iron John in other areas of Europe.)
*The Celtic warrior Slaine MacRoth also played a part in the formation of this myth.  Additionally the time traveling Slaine played a pivotal role in the events following King Arthur's demise.

In The Sonic Screwdriver #4 there was an excellent Dr. Who/Robin of Sherwood story by Kathie Hughes called "The Children of Herne".   Like the Gennie Summers Conan crossover that came a year before it, this tale also featured the 4th Doctor and Leela.  This may have been the Doctor's first meeting with Tarzan-Herne.  However, the irony is that Tarzan might have already met a future version of the Doctor hundreds of years before this during the late fifth century.  Much to the Doctor's surprise, Herne does identify him as a Time Lord.
(Of course all of this is only my own interpretation of these events.  The author obviously had other things in mind while crafting this tale.)

But all of this is centuries ahead of our story.  The horned mantle of Herne will await Tarzan in the late Middle-Ages while his use of Robin's hooded cloak may have an earlier Dark Age precedent.

However before moving on, let us briefly examine another symbolic son of Odin slightly influencing the legend of Robin Hood as well as some Arthurian lore.  This is the Kane of Karl Edward Wagner.

The name Robin Hood is connected to that of Hod Odinsson- Baldur's bane.  The tale of Hod and Baldur is a variant of the Cain and Abel story.  Cain and Abel are archetypically related to Sir Gawain and the Green Knight.  The Gaelic (and original) version of Gawain's tale involves Cuchulain the Avatar of Lugh.  As we have seen Cuchulain, Hod and Robin Hood are all "sons" of Lugh-Odin-Herne.  So on a purely symbolic level we could consider the immortal warrior Kane to be a son of Odin.  This being the case, it is worth noting that Odin has, at times, been connected with Adam the father of the Biblical Cain. Even the name of Adam's Garden was once compared to the Teutonic All-Father.  Odin=Eden

Also of interest is the fact that Kane once met Elric in Karl Edward Wagner's The Gothic Touch.  Could Kane possibly be included in the Arthurian crossover as Gawain?   Well, he would make a pretty brutal Sir. Gawain.  Still, Kane and Gawain were both known for having flaming red hair.  It is just an idea that, for now, I will refrain from exploring further.  Enough talk of Kane.

For there is another character who has been directly identified with Gawain.  In Treasures of Britain by Pat Mills, the barbarian braveheart Slaine Mac Roth carries the titles of both Gwalchmai (Gawain) AND The Green Knight.  The interesting thing about this is the aforementioned fact that Gawain has, on occasion, been considered identical to Cuchulain.

"It may well have been that Cuchullain was a Setantii hero with a reputation on both sides of the Irish Sea, whose memory was kept alive under the name of Gawain by the medieval descendants of the Setantii in England."    
-Ronan Coghlan,  The Encyclopaedia of Arthurian Legends

If the time-traveling Slaine Mac Roth is Gawain then what is his relationship to Cuchulain?  Is it too much to suggest that Slaine is another incarnation of Kull/Conan/Cormac Mac Art?  Mayhaps.  While I was an advocate of this idea many years ago, I now hesitate to connect every Celtic hero to Conan.  I will leave it (and my Kane speculation) to "chew on" another time.

Let us return to our discussion about Tarzan in the role of Merlin.  Of course Tarzan could never be Merlin in his entirety.  As previously indicated, Tarzan was but ONE of the figures behind this vast legend.  So how, you may ask, did Tarzan contribute to the Merlin legacy?

It was mentioned earlier that Robin Hood had no place being in the Arthurian age.  In truth it is only a certain version of Robin Hood that is misplaced in such a setting.  In The Once and Future King, T.H. White boldly places a Robin Wood in the time of Arthur.  This was only inappropriate in that Maid Marian and the Merrie Men were included as well.

This earlier age only contained the prototype of Robin Hood.  He was perhaps named Myrddin Wyllt (Merlin the Wild Man) by the British and Robin Wode by the Saxon immigrant/invader.  We have called him Tarzan.

Readers of The Once and Future King may recall that the life-span of Robin Wood, while considerably longer than most, stops short of the near immortality ascribed to Tarzan.  Robin is described as living to the ripe old age of 87 and although we are given no details about his demise, the obvious implication was that at this point his longevity came to an end.

Obtaining information concerning the supposed death of Robin Wood would necessitate a detailed exploration of obscure legends surrounding the elusive figure of Myrddin.  For such a task we need look no further than the excellent body of work produced by Nikolai Tolstoy.

In The Quest for Merlin Tolstoy describes a mythic theme occurring in Indo-European thought called the Threefold Death.  This is a literary motif wherein a divine figure suffers an end in three distinct ways simultaneously.  The Quest for Merlin explores this pattern in the deaths of Odin, Lugh and Christ.   Since Myrddin is said to have experienced such a passion, we would do well to examine the details of this account.

Geographically, this grim event occurs at the point where the River Pausail flows into the Tweed.  While being stoned to death, Myrddin is described as being transfixed by a spear or stake while drowning face down in the stream.  From this description we can envision a rock striking Myrddin from the back, propelling him forward into the water where he impales himself on a stake jutting out from the river-bed.   Thus we have him dying in three separate ways all at once.
stoning/drowning/speared

Now due to his later appearance in England during the Crusades, we can be sure that Myrddin did not actually die from these wounds however severe they may have been. Just how he survived such a grievous ordeal will be discussed in a moment.   But suffice to say that of all the countless times that Death had sought Tarzan, this was the closest it had ever come to obtaining the prize.

So injuring the Lord of the Jungle would require skill and cunning beyond most men.  One might rightly wonder who would be capable of performing such a feat.  It is my contention that Kane was responsible.

In Ric Bergquist's ground-breaking interview with Kane, the ancient warrior boasts that he had killed Tarzan of the Apes.  His motivations for doing so will not be explored here, however considering Kane's overconfidence, he may have been unaware of Tarzan's ultimate survival.

How then could anyone speared, stoned to death and left to drown still manage to cheat death?  Even Tarzan's remarkable powers of rejuvenation would not have been enough to save him.  The true source of this amazing recovery was the timely intervention of an Otherworldly Being sometimes known as Mr. Am.

This section is still under construction.  But you can jump ahead to this next part...

So despite my statement to the contrary, it would seem that the Merlyn of T.H. White is not Tarzan.  Rather, it is in the character of Robin Wood that we find our Jungle Lord.  The Merlyn of The Once and Future King is more properly identified with the Doctor.*  The useful thing about White's interpretation of the legend is his inclusion of Robin Wood, giving us two "Merlins" in the saga.
*Like Tarzan, the Doctor would remember the future.  While it is entirely true that Sherlock Holmes is a cousin of Tarzan, it is hardly surprising to find the Doctor compared to Holmes.  Indeed a number of actors that have portrayed Holmes on screen have also played the Doctor/Merlin. 
Edward Woodward,  Nicol Williamson,  Tom Baker,  Peter Cushing
The previous attempt to link this Merlyn to Tarzan was purposely misleading.

While it is not impossible that Tarzan was the well known wizard and advisor to the court, these more visible functions were more likely performed by the Doctor or someone else.  (There may have been some resentment on the part of this renegade Gallifreyan, as the Doctor has been known to assiduously avoid matters of the state. However, evidence from the "Battlefield" episode indicates that he did indeed serve this function.)

The parts of Merlin that were enacted by the Doctor also appeared in the character of Cogliostro from the Spawn comics and films.*  The Doctor's activities as Count Cogliostro occurred during the same incarnation as his Merlin persona.  The various statements in Spawn concerning Cogliostro having once been evil are references to the Doctor's period of mental illness when he was known as the Valeyard.
*In the second issue of Spawn: The Dark Ages (April, 1999), we learn that Cogliostro was once called Merlin.  Nicol Williamson plays Cogliostro in the film version of Spawn indirectly reprising his earlier role in Excalibur.

Santa & Merlin.jpg (13194 bytes)In the Spawn saga we see Cogliostro battling the minions of Hell.   Part of this conflict was symbolically depicted in the 1959 Mexican film Santa Claus, where Santa enlists the aid of Merlin the Magician in his struggle against the dreaded red devil named Pitch.  This was, perhaps, the Doctor's final fight with the forces of Sutekh, the Being he had seemed to defeat on Mars in the episode "Pyramids of Mars". 
Other events would eventually bring Santa Claus himself to the red planet.*   However, this was not the first time that a gift deliverer had contacted Mars.   Centuries before this, a related Yule figure had shown interest in our System's fourth planet.**

Santa Claus on Barsoom.jpg (28625 bytes)Santa Claus on Barsoom 2.jpg (13843 bytes)
*As seen in Santa Claus Conquers the Martians (1964)
**See the offsite link To Find a Wife -by David Bruce Bozarth 
   
While the subject of Santa Claus might seem to be as far removed from the Arthurian theater as one might get, there is a valid reason for bringing this up.   More than one "Santa Claus" exists and at least two of them play a part in the events that we are piecing together.

Jeff Guinn's Autobiography of Santa Claus describes a friendship between Arthur and Saint Nicholas that began while Arthur was recovering from his near-fatal wounds received at Camlann.  Accompanied by several of St. Nick's associates (including a reformed Attila the Hun!), the two would go on to become traveling companions ultimately resulting in Arthur becoming a Father Christmas figure himself.

This is the "Santa" that is so appropriately found working with Merlin in the largely fictional Mexican film Santa Claus, the Once and Future King turned gift bringer.  Indeed, some areas of Europe held that the god Thor was the Yuletide visitor.  Again, Ar-thur's name has a connection to the Thunderer.

This particular Father Christmas received an equally fictional treatment in Santa Claus Conquers the Martians, a symbolic depiction of John Carter's exploits on Barsoom.  John Carter, as you may recall, was roughly identified as Arthur by Peter Coogan & Dennis Power, and while I did not agree with all the details of their theory, the linking of Carter and Pendragon may have been sound.

Although Guinn's Autobiography of Santa Claus is almost as fictitious as the aforementioned films, we can still discern an element of truth in it.  Like Nicholas and Attila, Arthur was an immortal human who became associated with the ghostly Wild Hunt of Yule.

But now that we have mentioned Saint Nicholas, what of his origins?  Did this supposed Lycian Bishop originate in 280 C.E. as is often assumed, or did he have an earlier genesis?  There is a remote possibility that he was born in the distant reaches of human prehistory during the Paleolithic Stone Age.

With a life-span covering more than a few millennia, this individual would occasionally revert back to a primitive state, recreating the harsh conditions of his distant childhood for a mysterious purpose.

In "The New Traveller's Almanac" from Volume Two of The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen we find a detailed account of a Polar Region expedition.  Therein we are briefly introduced to a witch-doctor called the Sha-man of the North Pole.  The task of this individual was to leave his body during the Winter Solstice in order to bring good cheer to every home on earth.

Rather than being a god, the witch-doctor is clearly human, albeit immensely powerful.  The identity of this man can be found in Farmer's  A Feast Unknown and Lord of the Trees/The Mad Goblin.  He is XauXaz, the earthly embodiment of Woden and at one point he may have been Saint Nicholas.

If this be the case, how then can we reconcile the kindly accounts of Saint Nicholas with the nefarious workings of XauXaz?  The truth is that neither portrayal is entirely correct.  The picture of XauXaz given to us by Farmer is as incomplete as Coca Cola's commercial image of Santa Claus.

If the human XauXaz is an accurate reflection of the god he is named after, then we should find a benevolent side to him as well.  Woden/Odin is a god of Light as well as Darkness.  Odin is indeed a bringer of strife, but this is usually to work a positive hidden purpose.  He also brings inspiration and healing.  Although Thor was the basis for many Santa legends, the original gift-bringer was Odin.

Likewise, Saint Nicholas was, according to many accounts, a very dark figure just as likely to punish as reward and capable of bringing an equal amount of holiday fear with his Christmas cheer.  The name Nick was, in fact, closely associated with the Devil.

So despite Farmer's grim depiction of XauXaz, we should not be surprised to find him spreading the gifts of the season.  His objective however went far beyond the dispensation of Yuletide weal and woe.  XauXaz was, on some level, questing for an equally enigmatic figure known as the Undying Lord.  Rumored to be born with the sun on Winter Solstice, this child was the focus of his Wild Hunt.  Arthur himself had been born on Christmas day as had numerous god-men before him.  However as it turned out, the true advent of the Undying Lord would fall on November 21 or 22 1888.

In Peter Taylor's The Way of the Wanderer, XauXaz alludes to a cosmic quest for this child of promise.  In mystical terms he describes the journey of the gift baring Wise Men following the Star.  In the north these three kings had been known as Odin, Villi and Ve.

Is this then the same Nicholas that introduced Arthur to the gifting profession?   Was XauXaz the renown Bishop of Myra?  In truth I know not. There are a great many Christmas Eve visitors to consider.

Santa Claus In Santa Land by Dr. Harold W. Trott even offers possible evidence of the soul cloning process whereby an individual is duplicated on the metagenetic level.


WORK IN PROGRESS...


The Knights of the Round Table
The Arthurian era has proven to be a nexus point for numerous legendary characters.  As we have seen, most of these were indigenous to this time, while others were transported from other eras and realities.  The more covert operations of this great gathering might well have been an early inspiration for the The Fellowship of Extraordinary Men during the 12th Century.  One theory has Robin Hood as a member of that elite company.*
(Some of the workings of The Knights of the Round Table may have been unconsciously inspired by the dim racial memory of The Fellowship of the Ring. 
Mithrandir-Gandalf, a previous incarnation of one of the Merlins, forged the Fellowship during the Third Age of Man.  Gandalf would later be remembered as the antediluvian patriarch Enoch.  But the model for this special unit of Arthur's band came from both the distant past and the future.  Depending on Tarzan's level of involvment, memories of the modern day League of Extraordinary Gentlemen may have served as a model for an inner circle of the Table Round.  For an account of Tarzan's own membership in the League see the story "Heroes Return" on this offsite link.   There are also records of the Doctor assisting various branches of the League on both sides of the Atlantic.  Some information on the Doctor's involvement can be found offsite @ LXH.  Additionally one of the 8th Doctor's traveling companions- a Mrs. Mina Harker was an important League member.   Whether we speak of Tarzan, the Time Lord or both, could not the title M have an origin in Merlin?  Well versed in the cloaked ways of espionage, Odin has always been a patron of the spy.)
*For information on The Fellowship of Extraordinary Men see this offsite link. Along with Robin Hood, this site lists Ivanhoe and The Black Arrow as members.  I personally see good reason to include Cormac Fitzgeoffrey in this group as well.   Fitzgeoffrey is a Robert E. Howard character.


To be continued...
This page is almost always under construction.
Some of these theories may change as new information becomes available.

One might rightly argue that there is WAY to much going on in this story for it to be sound.   In truth it would work better as a collection of related short stories.  The purpose of this proposal has really been to explore various crossover possibilities.

 

Lugh.gif (46900 bytes)Here is a possible subject that I would like to work into this sometime in the future.  -The concept of the god Lugh-Odin as the leading character or hero in a Fantasy/Sword and Sorcery novel.  He is, after all, my Connecting Factor.  On the right is an image of Lugh from Kenneth C. Flint's book, The Riders of the Sidhe.   In 1987 Flagship Comics had a title called Lugh: Lord of Light written by Mike Friedman with artist Chris Donovan.    

Books with Lugh-Odin as the protagonist...

Lugh
The Riders of the Sidhe    -by Kenneth C. Flint
Champions of the Sidhe    -by Kenneth C. Flint
Master of the Sidhe    -by Kenneth C. Flint

Voden
Twilight of The Gods: The First Name    -by Dennis Schmidt
Twilight of The Gods 2: Groa's Other Eye    -by Dennis Schmidt
Twilight of The Gods 3: Three Trumps Sounding    -by Dennis Schmidt

 

Here are some quick links to my own pages about the following characters and subjects...

Merlin
Doctor Who
Tarzan
Hercules
The Man With No Name
Humanoid Reptiles of Eldritch Antiquity


Offsite links

An Expansion of Philip Jose Farmer's Wold Newton Universe by Win Scott Eckert

The Secret History of the Wold Newton Universe

The French Wold Newton Page

Yet Another Wold Newton page

Some Unknown Members of the Wold Newton Family Tree


Schroeder's Speculations

Crossover Feedback Loop     The Unified Field Crossover History of the Universe

Monstaah

Wold Newton Chronicles

WNU or not, the DC and Marvel characters have always belonged together in the same universe.
Wold Newton Superhero Universe    Earth-Crossover    Clark Kent (Earth-616 version)    DC/Marvel United Fanfiction    DC/Marvel Crossovers & Continuity

Here are interesting examples of Wold Newton Universe-Lite perspectives... 
This links concepts from Disney's Tarzan to Peter Pan and Beauty & the Beast.
These Tarzan tales would also take place in the WNU-Lite as would these.  
The term WNU-Lite was first coined by Ivan Ronald Schablotski.

Therianthropology 101

Godzilla Event Timeline

Fantastic Victoriana    Pulp and Adventure Heroes of the Pre-War Years  

An International Catalog of Superheroes

Win Eckert's Wold Newton Wanderings

Solar Penguin's Speculations

Brave New Wold

Last Man Standing        Comic Book Universe Battles Hall of Fame

Arak, Son of Thunder

Dreams of the Purple Kingdom  (Kull)

The Hyborian Age of Conan   CONAN Official Website

Slaine    Slaine MacRoth     

Volsunga Saga   The Nibelungenlied   Volsunga Saga   Der Ring des Nibelungen 
Robert E. Howard's James Allison Incarnations
Any discussion concerning the "sons of Odin" would be incomplete without mentioning the greatest of all Germanic heroes- Sigurd.  Fafnir's-bane lived in the early part of the Arthurian Age.  However, the tale of this soul encompasses more than one lifetime.  I'm currently investigating the correct order that these occurred.
Hialmar   
-lived during the late Hyborian age
Niord Wormslayer   
-probably lived during the late Hyborian age
Hunwulf
Ghor, Kin-Slayer   
-Hyborian age?
Sigmund    -Sigmund died prior to the birth of his son -Sigurd and was reborn as Sigurd.
Sigurd   
-often identified with  Saint George    Sigurd/Siegfried was also in The League of Infinity. 
James Allison  -early 20th century
Dragon-Slayer   
-late 20th century    (from the Mage comic)
Bloodstar
   
-incarnation in an alternate future closely echoing the events of his life as Niord

Visions of Black Prometheus  (Kane)

My friend Ric Bergquist was fortunate enough to survive an interview with Kane.

A Journey of Somwhat More Than Ten Thousands of Years
: Some Speculations on the Life of Kane     -fasinating article by C. Richard Davies

A Prehistoric Timeline of the Wold Newton Universe   -useful supplement to the link above

Jean Auel's Earth's Children - The AuelPage

Kevin's Watch.com    Welcome to the Land
(The Chronicles of Thomas Covenant the Unbeliever)
This unique series by Stephen R. Donaldson is unforgettable!

The VALAQUENTA     -one of the books in Tolkien's Silmarillion.

The Archive of the Istari   LOTR fan fiction

The Wheel of Time fan fiction    Norse and Germanic Mythology in The Wheel of Time    

Celtic History
  a Warhammar page containing information on Slaine Mac Roth and Cuchulain

Echoes of the Dragon Isle  (Elric)    The Sailor on the Seas of Fate

The Dark Tower - Official Web Site    The Dark Tower Compendium
End-World: The Home of the Dark Tower
There are parallels between the work of Stephen King and Michael Moorcock.   I've always roughly equated the Dark Tower with Tanelorn and considered the Gunslinger Roland to be an aspect of the Eternal Champion.
A Tom Strong story by Alan Moore called "The Family Strong and The Tower at Time's End" features certain elements that might be akin to the Dark Tower.   In some tales of Supreme (also penned by Alan Moore), there is a Time Tower used by
The League of Infinity.

Tarzan of the Internet

Superman Through the Ages    Superman Homepage   The Adventures Continue
The Official Lois and Clark nFic Directory     Lois and Clark Fanfic Archive
KryptonSite      Smallville fan fiction resources


One of the rare public appearances of Superman was in 1940 at the New York World's Fair. However, some sources claim that these photographs depict an actor named Ray Middleton rather than the actual Man of Steel.

At least three realms of the Multiverse have a feral Superman.
In one parallel world a strange connection between Superman and Tarzan is revealed when their fates are somewhat switched.  The baby Kal-El is given the Mangani name Argo-zan.
Superman/Tarzan: Sons of the Jungle
Another universe has The Feral Man of Steel raised by wolves becoming the basis for the Mowgli character in Kipling's book.  Superman Annual # 6
In yet a different part of the Omniverse, the infant Kal-El is found by a tribe descended from the Inca.  He becomes a hero of the South American jungle named Topa

In Superman 55 Time and Time Again the Kryptonian visits the Arthurian Age fighting first for Morgaine then Merlin.  However this was not his first time in Camelot.  If Kane was present during these events (as Gawain or otherwise), Superman would have recognized him as Vandal Savage.
Superman has occasionally had interactions with the Aesir.  Odin has appeared in several yarns.  One of these was in Superman: The Man of Steel #127.   The Man of Tomorrow encounters Thor in Action Comics #761.  He also meets the Marvel Comics version of Thor in JLA/Avengers.
An Amalgam of Thor and the blue energy Superman is called Thor-El.
When Heroes Clash     -Superman/Thor crossover
Incidentally, one of the names for the Celtic sun god is Mabon.  The clearest translation of this name is actually- Superboy.  It is worth noting that The Man of Steel derives his powers from the Earth's yellow sun.
Obviously many of Superman's cronies have interacted with the players of this tale.  Listing all of them would be tedious, but here are a few items of interest...
Superman has met The Amazing Spiderman on at least four occasions.  One of these Superman/Spiderman tales features Dr. Doom, a possible desendant of Thulsa Doom -Kull's adversary.  Spidey himself shared an adventure with King Kull in Marvel Team-Up # 112: A King Comes Riding.  Spiderman also ran into Conan's companion Red Sonja in Marvel Team-Up # 79   Sword of the She Devil.     Standing in the Common Spaces by Jenn  (Smallville/Spiderman)
Superman's close connection to the Batman is well known.  Batman has also spent time in Camelot interacting with Arthurian characters and themes a number of times.
Bruce Wayne met the Lord of the Jungle in Batman Tarzan: Claws of the Cat Woman.
Another pal of Supes is The Green Lantern who once met Doctor Who in a fan fiction tale I've lost track of. 
Al Schroeder has a theory that Doctor Who is Superman's great grandfather
In a reality recorded by Paul Gadzikowski, Lois and Clark were actually the young Doctor's foster parents.  Gadzikowski also chronicles a reflection of this reality in a universe where Deianira and Hercules have fostered the young Merlin.  A paradox of time travel allows the Doctor to be godfather to the infant Kal-El while an echo of this in the mirror universe has Merlin performing the same function for the baby Hercules.  This equating of Hercules with Superman curiously reinforces the Tarzan-Superman link mentioned above.  Again, Time's Last Gift by Philip Jose Farmer connects Tarzan with Hercules.  However the larger truth is that Lord Greystoke and Clark Kent have a similar archetypal source.
An Unlikely Encounter by Skylark    -Hercules/Lois & Clark crossover
It is possible that Superman is related to the real Hercules through marriage.   Dennis Power has theorized that Wonder Woman is a daughter of Tarzan.  After Lois passes away, Superman eventually unites with his Amazonian friend.  Their union produces a girl named Lara and a boy named Bruce.  Oddly enough, this would make Tarzan the father-in-law of Superman.
In Avengers/JLA Wonder Woman has a very averse reaction to the Hercules of the Marvel universe calling him a "despoiler of Hippolyta" -her mother.  If some version of Hercules is indeed her father, then she has more than a few issues.  ...But then again, what Amazon doesn't have issues?
Hugo Danner     Man-God     The first true appearance of the Superman archetype appeared in the novel Gladiator by Philip Wylie.
Citadel Supreme
    Supreme is sort of like an Elseworlds version of Superman.   Supreme, who has had a great deal of contact and conflict with the gods of Asgard even possessed Thor's hammer- Mjollnir for a time.

Supreme.jpg (33462 bytes)Superman by Alex Ross.jpg (35499 bytes)
Giving us the definitive vision of the Superman/Supreme character, Alex Ross is obviously one of the finest artists in the industry.

DarkMark's Domain      This is the best in Superhero fan fiction!

Star Trek vs Batman      excellent new film

The Films of El Santo   A French Santo Page   Santo Street

Amalgam Chronology Center

Classic Jonny Quest    The Unofficial Jonny Quest: The Real Adventures Home Page
Jonny Quest contains the essence of Wold Newton adventure!

The Complete Tom Swift Jr. Homepage
Tom is a pal of the Hardy Boys, Linda Craig and possibly Nancy Drew.

Mystery Inc. or Scooby Dooby Doo in the WNU   Scooby Doo, We Love You   The Dark Side of the Scooby Gang       
Mystery Inc. has worked with Batman & Robin.

Defenders Of The Earth  -The Phantom, Flash Gordon, Mandrake the Magician-  Defenders Of The Earth

Dark Pines

King Arthur in Time and Space    Space Opera by Paul Gadzikowski
This interview with Paul is useful for understanding the series.

Petaja Pages  
In the late 60's Emil Petaja cleverly retold the Finnish epic of Kalevala in the form of Space Opera.
These novels are called the Otava Series.
Saga of Lost Earths
The Star Mill
The Stolen Sun
Tramontane
Return to Otava
  (unpublished)

Arthurian Trilogy  Here is a proposal by Peter Coogan for an Arthurian story set in the universe created by Edgar Rice Burroughs.

The Book of Taliesin    Arthurian tales with a hint of Who

Camelot In Four Colors     Arthurian Comics

Allan & the Ice Gods   The two Opar books are sequels to this novel by Haggard.

The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen  -movie version     The League of Leagues
The League of Extraordinary Heroes     
Brittania Waives the Rules     Madness and Beauty

Baron Münchhausen was a former member of the League of Extraordinary Gentlemen.

The Solomon Kane Chronology  The grim Puritan has always been one of my favorites! 
(Also a past member of the LXG.)

Mr. Am

Santa is the Future Buddha

Doctor Who: The Official Site
 
  The Doctor      Doctor Omega

The Mysterious Planet  Dr. Who's adventures with companion Mina Harker (Wilhelmina Murray)

Blakes's 7 features the character of Roj Blake who is the reincarnation of King Arthur. (This revelation is from Whomsoever Holds This Sword: A Blake's 7 Fanzine.)  
Blake's 7: Judith Proctor's pages   Blake's 7 and Hamlet

Kevin Matchstick is another incarnation of King Arthur.     Mage

von Horst's Pellucidar

Great Tarzan/Conan crossovers
A Fight in the Forest    The Well of Time   When Bulls Meet   Against the Sorcerer

Tarzan/The Phantom crossovers    The Face in the Trees     Ships in the Night

Very Nice Tarzan short story    Two Streams in a Wood Converging

Nothing's ever forgotten
Spirit of Sherwood: The Official Robin of Sherwood Fanclub   Saxon Chronicles

Doctor Who/Robin Hood crossovers   The Wizard Of Time    Sherwood's Most Wanted

Here are some odd parodic Hercules/Kull crossovers written by the many fans of Kevin Sorbo inspired romance... A Tender Halloween    Kullamity    The Plans are Carried Out...
Massage Club Meeting- Finale!!   More! Join in and continue!
  
Could this be loosely classified as a Conan/Kull/Hercules crossover?

The Fan Fiction Directory
"Fan fiction is a way of the culture repairing the damage done in a system where contemporary myths are owned by corporations instead of owned by the folk."
-Henry Jenkins   director of media studies at MIT

Agent With Style     good place to obtain fanzines

The barefoot Celt named Mara is most enticing!  I greatly enjoy the inspired work of Dennis Cramer.

I happen to be super interested in live action super-heroines!    The Unofficial ISIS Appreciation page    Super-girls.us New Phoenix Filmworks    Supergirl: Maid of Might  WONDERLAND: The Ultimate Wonder Woman Site    Oh Mighty Isis!    Eric Cueto Presents, The New Official Mars Ravelo's Darna Web Site

A Terra Gamma Timeline   This incorporates the various adventures of Tom Strong's family written by Alan Moore and Alfred Bishop Mason with the League of Extraordinary Gentlemen and other tales.  The Tom Strong of Alan Moore is a reflection of Doc Savage, Tarzan and Superman.

The Nick Carter Page

James Bond, Agent 007

Indyfan.com     for Indiana Jones information

The Savage Chuck's Lair

Restless Mind

Fiction and Reality: Stories and Speculations by Michael D. Winkle

Christopher Paul Carey Online

Eye-N-Apple Productions

I once had a small collection of vintage mystery paperbacks by Carter Brown and other writers.  The covers of these books almost always featured a scantily clad 'dame' with a bee-hive hairdo.  Although I've never been a big fan of the bee-hive, there is something seductively fascinating about these girls.  It is possible that these images simply remind me of the way women used to appear when I was a small child.  Anyway these pulpish stories and images have a strong Wold Newton vibe.      
Carter Brown     Carter Brown covers
Robert McGinnis Shrine  Robert McGinnis: Paperback Cover Artist  Robert E. McGinnis Gallery

Sherlock Holmes is a cousin of Tarzan.  The Great Detective once joined forces with the Jungle Lord in The Adventure of the Peerless Peer by Philip Jose Farmer.  He has also shared an adventure with Doctor Who in Andy Lane's All Consuming Fire.
Gaslight on the Web: A Sherlock Holmes Page    Sherlock Holmes in the 22nd Century

For all your Kaiju needs...
Rodan's Roost: The Kaiju Site    Monster Zero News    Toho Kingdom   Kaiju Fan Online

Blood & Metal: Claws Corner    Wolverine's Realm    Wold Newton researchers have been investigating the possibility that the mutant Logan is connected to Tarzan in some way.  This grandson of John Gribardsun is possibly one of the feral experiments attempted by the Nine in order to create an Undying Lord.  Some information on the Nine's Tarzan obsession can be found in these articles...
Triple Tarzan Tangle   Tarzan? Jane?

John Carter, Carson Napier and Flash Gordon have appeared in Tarzan crossover stories.
Planetary Swordplay was inspired by the Barsoom and Amtor of Edgar Rice Burroughs.
Gor on Earth   Sardaria, A Gorean Community     John Norman's World of Gor     
Kregen - under the suns of Antares     The Dray Prescot Collector's Page     Tandra Dot Com
Robert E. Howard's Almuric   Howard's agent, Otis Adelbert Kline also wrote Sword & Planet novels.  Like Burroughs, Kline set these stories on Mars and Venus.
To Find a Wife -by David Bruce Bozarth    -Barsoom story featuring figures from Norse Mythology
(Just for clarification, Flash Gordon is slightly more Space Opera than Sword & Planet while a correct classification of Buck Rogers probably would be under just Space Opera.  Both were inspired by Burroughs.  Brigadier Flash Gordon was in an episode of Buck Rogers in the 25th Century.)

After Sword & Planet the next step up is called Space Opera.
E. E. Doc Smith was an originator of the genre with his Lensmen series.
Here is an assortment of this form of Science Fiction.

Enterprise/Star Trek: TOS/Star Trek: TNG/ Star Trek: DS9/Star Trek: Voyager    Star Trek: New Voyages    Starship Farragut    Star Trek: Hidden Frontier   Starship Exeter   Star Trek: Intrepid   Star Trek: Unity 
Babylon 5/Crusade
Space 1889   
(Space 1889 is in the Sword & Planet and Steampunk sub-genres as well.)
Space 1999 / UFO
Star Wars
Battlestar Galactica

Jason Of Star Command / Space Academy
Farscape
Andromeda    
Lexx
Red Dwarf
Blake's 7
Perry Rhodan
Flash Gordon  
-contains Sword & Planet elements
Buck Rogers
Captain Video
Space Angel
Barbarella
Foundation
Dune
Robotech
Battle of the Planets
The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy
Robinson Crusoe on Mars
Doctor Who   The Stranger   
-Dr. Who contains Steampunk elements
Lost In Space
The Black Hole
Forbidden Planet
Battle Beyond the Stars
Logan's Run  
(The movie version of Logan's Run is sort of a Space Opera without the space.)
Buzz Lightyear of Star Command
Known Space
Cowboy Bebop
Firefly
The Starman Series
Tom Corbett
Dig Allen Space Explorer

Space Patrol
Starcrash
Cosmos War of the Planets  War of the Robots
Fireball XL5  Captain Scarlet


RocketShip Video   Solar Guard Academy

For me the ideal Wold Newton near future would be an unlikely combination of several continuities. Babylon 5/Crusade and Star Trek would chronicle the 22nd-24th centuries with the lore surrounding Buck Rogers covering the 25th century.
Of course these shows would also all exist in separate universes in an undiluted form. However the primary Wold Newtonverse should only contain elements of these different continuities. For example the 23rd century would be a fascinating combination of the technologies and races of Babylon 5 and Star Trek TOS. Captain John Sheridan might well serve in the same fleet as Captain James T. Kirk. In fact, one person has already worked these two shows into the same timeline.
Enterprise.jpg (11646 bytes)excaliburblue.jpg (40279 bytes)

I do not consider the main or official Star Trek timeline to be the Wold Newton future. Again, mainstream Star Trek can happily exist in it's own private universe. The same could be said for Babylon 5/Crusade or any other show. Remember we are dealing with a multiverse and in a larger sense the Omniverse.  There is, in fact, even more than one Newtonverse.  For this particular Newtonverse we are only taking certain key people, races and events from Star Trek and Babylon 5 to formulate our future as well as some of our past.

Enterprise/Star Trek: TOS/Star Trek: TNG/ Star Trek: DS9/Star Trek: Voyager
Babylon 5/Crusade

In the Shadows of Madness: A Lovecraftian Look into the Babylon 5 Universe by Mark W. Chase

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